Artificial intelligence is a field which has seen rapid growth and evolution in the past few years. The concept of artificial intelligence is to provide human intelligence to machines, softwares, computers and computer based programs. This is done so that they can work on their own. It helps to increase efficiency of work across different sectors. It has also become an important field of research as well as a career option in the past few years. The main motive or principle behind artificial intelligence is to attribute the human character of intelligence to machines. It is done to know if the machines can behave like humans.
The history of artificial intelligence
Works on artificial intelligence started around 100 years ago when a writer Karel Capek introduced artificial humans in his play. He called them robots leading to the origin of the term. Later a scientist Alan Tuning did research in this field and presented the theory of computing, which led to the discovery of computer science.
What are the goals of artificial intelligence?
There are two major goals of artificial intelligence. One is to create a system where machines are able to think like humans. Not only think, but also learn to behave like humans. The other important goal is to create expert systems. In the sense to create a system where machines will be able to learn, demonstrate and advise its users using its intelligence.
What are the other disciplines involved with artificial intelligence?
Artificial intelligence involves many other disciplines within it. They are biology, psychology, computer science, linguistics, engineering, mathematics, neuron science etc. The basic idea is to merge all these disciplines to create systems which are capable of solving problems on their own through intelligence and reasoning.
Which are the fields where artificial intelligence can be applied?
- Robots which are intelligent: One of the major applications of artificial intelligence is robotics. These robots can make decisions on their own. They can do the work assigned to them on their own without any help. They also learn from their previous mistakes and correct them. Such robots can be used in many fields.
- Creating expert systems: Imparting reasoning and intelligence to machines helps in creating expert systems. These systems being much more logical and rational than humans help in decision making. Such systems can be used to provide logical advices. This is of immense importance in business firms and companies.
- Helps in vision systems: These systems have the capacity to interpret the visual input of the computer. For example, this system of software is used by police to recognize the criminal. This is because it is easier for the software to recognize the portrait made by the forensic artist in the database of many people.
The other fields of application of artificial intelligence are gaming, natural language processing, speech recognition, handwriting recognition etc.
Artificial intelligence has become a very important part of everyday life in the past few years. It is an interesting field for research. It also has a bright future as a career. Artificial intelligence course in will provide you more information about the field, its applications and importance.
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